We’ve had to switch translations because the first site is throwing errors (coincidentally using the same old server I did) and its owner has gone missing. This translation, estimable as it is, lacks the footnotes of the other. We’ll make do. I’m also changing my footnote style, which will be obvious. Since I was first sick and then came the hacking, it’s been a few weeks, so I recommend reviewing old chapters before continuing. With the blessing, this week’s chapters are particularly easy.
Chapter 40: That God is the good of every good
 From the foregoing it is also shown that God is “the good of every good.”
 For the goodness of each thing is its perfection, as we have said. But, since God is absolutely perfect, in His perfection He comprehends the perfections of all things, as has been shown. His goodness, therefore, comprehends every goodness. Thus, He is the good of every good.
 Moreover, that which is said to be of a certain sort by participation is said to be such only so far as it has a certain likeness to that which is said to be such by essence. Thus iron is said to be on fire in so far as it participates in a certain likeness of fire. But God is good through His essence, whereas all other things are good by participation, as has been shown. Nothing, then, will be called good except in so far as it has a certain likeness of the divine goodness. Hence, God is the good of every good.
 Since, furthermore, each thing is appetible because of the end, and since the nature of the good consists in its being appetible, each thing must be called good either because it is the end or because it is ordered to the end. It is the last end, then, from which all things receive the nature of good. As will be proved later on, this is God. God is, therefore, the good of every good.
Notes Don’t forget in  the previous result that no thing can reach perfection. Our running example was a circle. The idea of a perfect circle can be comprehended but no instantiation of one ever will be. And if simple geometric figures can’t make it, how can we? Not without grace and not during this life.
In  appetible, i.e. desirable; capable or worthy of being the object of desire. Each thing is worthy of desire because of its use, its end. And a thing is good when it is ordered towards its end, or, loosely, when it used in the way it was meant be used. This is the backbone of (the old) natural law.
Chapter 41: That God is the highest good
 From this conclusion we prove that God is the highest good.
 For the universal good stands higher than any particular good, just as “the good of the people is better than the good of an individual,” since the goodness and perfection of the whole stand higher than the goodness and perfection of the part. But the divine goodness is compared to all others as the universal good to a particular good, being, as we have shown, the good of every good. God is, therefore, the highest good.
 Furthermore, what is said essentially is said more truly than what is said by participation. But God is good essentially, while other things are good by participation, as we have shown. God is, therefore, the highest good.
 Again, “what is greatest in any genus is the cause of the rest in that genus,” for a cause ranks higher than an effect. But, as we have shown, it is from God that all things have the nature of good. God is, therefore, the highest good.
 Moreover, just as what is not mixed with black is more white, so what is not mixed with evil is more good. But God is most unmixed with evil, because evil can be in God neither in act nor in potency; and this belongs to God according to His nature, as we have shown. God is, therefore, the highest good.
Notes Pragmatism or utilitarianism do not flow from . Rather, the good of the people comes from the good of individuals. Goodness begins at home. Fix yourself first. And this still requires a definition of good, which is given above (and previous posts). Everything else follows rather simply.
Like I said: an easy week! We appropriately pick up steam again next time. Review before then!