Answer me this. Earl at the end of the bar, on his sixth or seventh, tells listeners just what’s wrong with America’s science policy. His words receive knowing nods from all. Does this action constitute peer review?
Whatever it is, it can’t be any worse than the peer review which loosed “Midichlorians—the biomeme hypothesis: is there a microbial component to religious rituals?” on the world. An official paper from Alexander Panchin and two others in Biology Direct, which I suppose is a sort of bargain basement outlet for academics to publish.
The headline above is a prediction directly from that paper, a paper so preposterous that it’s difficult to pin down just what went wrong and when. I don’t mean that it is hard to see the mistakes in the paper itself, which are glaring enough, for all love. No: the important question is how this paper, how even this journal and the folks who contribute to it, can exist and find an audience.
Perhaps it can be put down to the now critical levels of the politicization of science combined with the expansion team syndrome. More on that in a moment. First the paper.
It’s Panchin’s idea that certain bugs which we have in our guts make us crazy enough to be religious, and that only if there were a little more Lysol in the world there would be fewer or no believers.
Panchin uses the standard academic trick of citing bunches of semi-related papers, which give the appearance that his argument has both heft and merit. He tosses in a few television mystery-show clues, like “‘Holy springs’ and ‘holy water’ have been found to contain numerous microorganisms, including strains that are pathogenic to humans”. Then this:
We hypothesize that certain aspects of religious behavior observed in human society could be influenced by microbial host control and that the transmission of some religious rituals could be regarded as a simultaneous transmission of both ideas (memes) and organisms. We call this a “biomeme” hypothesis.
Now “memes” are one of the dumbest ideas to emerge from twentieth-century academia. So part of the current problem is that dumb ideas aren’t dying. Capital-S science is supposed to be “self correcting”, but you’d never guess it from the number of undead theories walking about.
Anyway, our intrepid authors say some mind-altering, religion-inducing microbes make their hosts (us) go to mass, or others to temple, and still more to take up posts as Chief Diversity Officers at universities just so that the hosts will be able pass on the bugs to other folks. Very clever of the microbes, no? But that’s evolution for you. You never know what it’ll do next.
Okay, so it’s far fetched. But so’s relativity—and don’t even get started on quantum mechanics. Screwiness therefore isn’t necessarily a theory killer. But lack of consonance with the real world is. So what evidence have the authors? What actual observations have they to lend even a scintilla of credence to their theory?
Not one drop. The paper is pure speculation from start to finish, and in the mode of bad Star Trek fan fiction at that.
So how did this curiosity (and others like it) become part of Science? That universities are now at least as devoted to politics as they are to scholarly pursuits is so well known it needs no further comment here. But the politics of describing religion as some sort of disease or deficiency is juicy and hot, so works like this are increasingly prevalent. Call them Moonacies, a cross between lunacies and Chris Mooney, a writer who makes a living selling books to progressives who want to believe their superiority is genetic.
Factor number two, which is not independent of number one, is expansion team syndrome. The number of universities and other organizations which feed and house “researchers” continue to grow, because why? Because Science! We’re repeatedly told, and everybody believes, that if only we all knew more Science, then the ideal society will finally have been created. Funding for personnel grows. Problem is, the talent pool of the able remains fixed, so the available slots are filled with the not-as-brilliant. Besides, we’re all scientists now!
New journals are continuously created for the overflow, and they’re quickly filled with articles like this one giving the impression things of importance are happening. Not un-coincidentally, these outlets contain greater proportions of papers which excite the press (no hard burden). And so here we are.