Nothing can be caused by “chance”. Chance, like randomness, isn’t a thing, it isn’t real, it isn’t physical, therefore it cannot cause anything. Randomness means “unknown.” Therefore “random variables” are only propositions the truth value of which is unknown. Mysticism pervades probability and “randomizing” is like a witch doctor’s incantation.
See also the video Probability Is Logic.
I’ve improved, ever so slightly, the way this one looks. I can’t figure out how to get my whole body into the frame with my non-adjustable webcam. I need to have my hands (for the coin trick). Well, you can at least hear me, though my voice sounds like it’s coming through a tunnel.
Update Comments wanted on video length. Too long? Too short? Just right?